Voltaren

Voltaren® is a well-known Swiss medication with anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. It is widely used in rheumatology, traumatology, gynecology, stomatology, and other medical areas. Voltaren® quickly eliminates the swelling of joint tissues, removes the feeling of stiffness, and improves joints’ functional capacity. Use of this drug reduces pain in a short time and stops the inflammatory processes.

Composition

The main active substance of Voltaren® in all its forms is diclofenac sodium. The dosage of the drug in ampoules, solutions, and tablets varies from 25 mg to 100 mg.

Indications for use

The primary purpose of Voltaren® is the treatment of joint diseases such as:

Voltaren® is also effective in degenerative diseases including:

  • Osteochondrosis
  • Osteoarthritis

Voltaren® is also prescribed in case of neuralgia and wounds of the soft upper layers of the skin. The drug helps manage acute pain after surgery or injury. It is also effective for migraines and colic symptoms.

Pharmacological effect

Voltaren® belongs to the nonsteroidal medication group. When taken, it reduces the pain and temperature and decreases the inflammation.

Diclofenac reduces the enzymes COX-1 and COX-2. The medicine destroys the metabolism of arachidonic acid and lowers the number of prostaglandins. The presence of decreased prostaglandins with inflammation in the body explain the analgesic effect of Voltaren®.

Dosing and administration

Tablets should be swallowed entirely and washed down with water after eating. The daily dose of tablets for patients aged 14 years and older ranges from 50 mg to 150 mg.

It should be divided into two or three administrations. Medications of prolonged action are taken once a day, at a dose level of not more than 100 mg.

Most often, the duration of treatment is between 10 day and 14 days.

Contraindications

Voltaren® has the following contraindications:

  • If there is a defect in the mucous surface of the stomach
  • Ulcerative defects of the intestinal region
  • Inflammatory respiratory disease caused by acetylsalicylic acid
  • Proctitis
  • Sensitivity to the components of the drug
  • Hives
  • Heart failure
  • Insufficiency of potassium in the blood

Side effects

If the patient doesn’t follow the correct calculated dosage, various side effects may appear during the treatment period.

Side effects are manifested mostly as violations of the normal functioning of the stomach and intestines, as follows:

  • Diarrhea
  • Emetic urges
  • Unpleasant sensation in the throat
  • Spasms
  • Increased gas formation
  • Violation of the proper functioning of the stomach
  • Gastralgia
  • Crohn’s disease

Overdose

Improper exceeding of the dose of the drug Voltaren® is marked by the following symptoms:

  • Temporal pain
  • Disorder of kidney function
  • Problems with the intestines
  • Incorrect gastric activity
  • Noise in the ear canals
  • Emetic urges
  • Convulsions

If there are signs of an overdose, the patient should immediately visit their doctor.

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